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Fact Sheet

United States Department of Agriculture

Farm Service Agency

October 2011

Loans for Beginning Farmers and Ranchers



The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) makes and guarantees loans to beginning farmers who are unable to obtain financing from commercial lenders. Each fiscal year, the Agency targets a portion of its direct and guaranteed farm ownership (FO) and operating loan (OL) funds to beginning farmers.


A beginning farmer is an individual or entity who (1) has not operated a farm for more than 10 years; (2) meets the loan eligibility requirements of the program to which he/she is applying; (3) substantially participates in the operation; and, (4) for FO purposes, does not own a farm greater than 30 percent of the median size farm in the county. (Note: all applicants for direct FO loans must have participated in the business operation of a farm for at least 3 years.) If the applicant is an entity, all members must be related by blood or marriage, and all members in a corporation must be eligible beginning farmers.


Maximum Loan Amounts


• Direct FO or OL: $300,000;

• Guaranteed FO or OL: $1,214,000 (Amount varies annually based on inflation)


Downpayment Program

FSA has a special loan program to assist socially disadvantaged and beginning farmers in purchasing a farm.  Retiring farmers may use this program to transfer their land to future generations.


To qualify:


The applicant must make a cash down payment of at least 5 percent of the purchase price.


The maximum loan amount does not exceed 45 percent of the least of (a) the purchase price of the farm

or ranch to be acquired; (b) the appraised value of the farm or ranch to be acquired; or (c) $500,000 (Note:

This results in a maximum loan amount of $225,000).


The term of the loan is 20 years. The interest rate is 4 percent below the direct FO rate, but not lower

than 1.5 percent.


The remaining balance may be obtained from a commercial lender or private party. FSA can provide

up to a 95 percent guarantee if financing is obtained from a commercial lender. Participating lenders do

not have to pay a guarantee fee.


Financing from participating lenders must have an amortization period of at least 30 years and cannot

have a balloon payment due within the first 20 years of the loan.


Sale of Inventory Farmland

FSA advertises inventory property within 15 days of acquisition. Eligible SDA and beginning farmers are given first priority to purchase these properties at the appraised market value. If one or more eligible SDA or beginning farmer offers to purchase the same property in the first 135 days, the buyer is chosen randomly.


Joint Financing Arrangement

Beginning farmers may choose to participate in a joint financing arrangement. With this arrangement, FSA lends up to 50 percent of the amount financed, and another lender provides 50 percent or more. The interest rates can be obtained from your local FSA office and the term ofthe loan will not exceed 40 years or the useful life of the security.


Where to Apply

Applications for direct loan assistance may be submitted to the local FSA office serving the area where the operation is located. Local FSA offices are listed in the telephone directory under U.S. Government, Department of Agriculture or Farm Service Agency. For guaranteed loans, applicants must apply to a commercial lender who participates in the Guaranteed Loan Program. Contact your local FSA office for a list of participating lenders.


For More Information

Further information about this and other FSA programs is available from local FSA offices or on the FSA website at: www.fsa.usda.gov.




The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, political beliefs, genetic information, reprisal, or because all or part of an individual’s income is derived from any public assistance program.  (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.)  Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA’s TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD).  To file acomplaint of Discrimination, write to USDA, Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Stop 9410, Washington, DC 20250-9410, or call toll-free at (866) 632-9992 (English) or (800) 877-8339 (TDD), or (866) 377-8642 (English Federal-relay), or, or  (800) 845-6136 or.  USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

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AG CreditCountry Mortgages, Mortgage Lender, Fostoria, OH